Panama Viejo has the ruins of the first city of Panama, founded by the Castilian nobleman Pedrarias Davila in 1519. It was the first European settlement on the shores of the Pacific Ocean and it was the place where several expeditions were organized; including those of Francisco Pizarro to Peru. With the conquest of the Inca Empire, Panama became part of the umbilical cord that linked Spain with western South America, and an infinity of precious metals and products passed through it. The traffic and trade made many of its inhabitants rich, who came to be up to ten thousand. However, the days of fortune came to an abrupt end in 1671, when buccaneers under the command of Welsh privateer Henry Morgan attacked and sacked the city, which was burned and destroyed.
Panama Viejo was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
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